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Making Good

A variety of different flooring is used in refurbishment:

Axminster Carpets supplied carpets for the refurbishment of the Barbican in London. The Barbican has used Axminster Carpets since 2008 and the woven 8-pitch loom carpet in bespoke ‘Barbican blue’ recently laid on the stairs, stalls and foyer is reportedly an exact match for quality, style and colour as the Axminster carpet originally laid in the auditorium.
Over 1.77m people visit the Barbican every year and luxurious Axminster carpet is designed to be durable enough to withstand this footfall for years to come.
Yvette Chin, project manager at the Barbican, said: ‘We are pleased to continue our relationship with Axminster Carpets. We aim to give audiences a great experience from the moment they step through our doors and using Axminster Carpets helps us to deliver this.’
F Ball and Co supplied its new Stopgap 1200 Pro for the recent refurbishment of Dumfries and Galloway hospital pharmacy, helping to deal with a residue-contaminated subfloor. The product has been formulated for direct application over waterproof surface membranes and old adhesive residues, without the need for priming.
A&H Floorcovering Specialists, a member of the CFA, discovered the surface was contaminated with asbestos tile adhesive (ATA). This restricted their ability to mechanically prepare the subfloor.

However, the use of Stopgap 1200 Pro reportedly enabled the contractors to completely cover the firmly bonded adhesive.
A 3-4mm layer was applied over the 160sq m area. With a working time of 20 minutes, and a walk on time of just 60 minutes, the use of Stopgap 1200 Pro reportedly ensured that the pharmacy was ready to receive its new vinyl floorcovering after only four hours.
Suitable for a variety of flooring installations, the product is designed for use over a range of subfloor types, such as sand/cement screeds, concrete, terrazzo, asphalt and ceramic tiles. It is also said to be suitable for patch filling timber floors prior to overlaying with plywood.
Following installation of the underlayment, Styccobond F46 was used to adhere the vinyl covering. This solvent free, pressure sensitive adhesive reputedly has a high-bond strength and is claimed to minimise the effect of trowel serrations shadowing through the vinyl floorcovering.
Roy Henderson of A&H Floorcovering Specialists, said: ‘Stopgap 1200 Pro was an excellent product to work with, and provided us with the speed and ease we were looking for with this challenging installation.’
Stopgap 1200 Pro, packaged in a 20kg sack and 5 litre bottle, can be applied ‘unfilled’ to maximum thicknesses of 10mm and, filled with a graded aggregate, in applications of up to 30mm.
www.f-ball.co.uk
Fila has launched a new shine-restorer for polished natural stone. Fila Kristall Plus is a professional crystallizer designed to restore natural sheen to worn tiles, without compromising safety. It can be used for the renovation of marble, travertine, agglomerates and limestone, in domestic and commercial installations.
The product reportedly requires no dilution, is easy to apply and provides high coverage; one litre treats approx. 50sq m. As well as restoring sheen quickly, it is claimed to create additional resistance to daily traffic, making on-going maintenance faster and easier.
Fila Kristall Plus is also certified to meet international standard safety parameters. After cleaning the floor with a degreasing detergent, it is sprayed onto the dry surface and immediately polished, using a single-brush machine; first at 150 rpm with a white disc, then at 400 rpm with a steel wool disc.
The acid pH preparation is said to be free from hydrochloric acid (also known as muriatic acid), and therefore will not erode aluminium or steel, or be a hazard to users or the environment. www.filasolutions.com
Flowcrete UK says its sustainable floor finish, Mondéco Mirrazzo, combines style with substance at Doncaster Civic Office. The seamless terrazzo was applied in a phased refurbishment installation over a five week period.
Mondéco Mirrazzo is a seamless epoxy resin terrazzo floor finish, which utilises a blend of up to 60% recycled crushed clear, coloured and mirrored glass and metal particles, for environmental performance.
The flooring was overseen by Isocrete Project Management, with contractor, Cannock-based Phoenix Specialist Flooring Contracts, carrying out the installation, over 1,000sq m. The works included developing pre-cast features and in-situ stair treads and risers.
As well as featuring a sustainable formulation, the product was delivered to the Doncaster site in large, recyclable, bulk containers to reduce waste packaging.
Alan Dean, md of Flowcrete UK, said: ‘This project shows how stunning aesthetics and durability can be achieved with a focus on sustainability, due to Mirrazzo’s composition of recycled materials, longevity and ease of maintenance.
‘The system is exceptionally hard-wearing and, once installed, can remain in place for decades, with very little maintenance required. These long-lasting qualities mean it can stay in-situ when other shorter lifecycle floors have to be re-installed due to wear and tear.
‘This avoids detriment to the environment in three key areas, the uplift, removal and disposal of the worn-out floor finish, the manufacturing procedure of new flooring and even more preparation to repeat the installation.’
www.flowcrete.co.uk
Forbo Flooring Systems supplied Marmoleum Dual tiles for refurbished areas of Darland High School, North Wales, as part of a multi-million pound remodelling project. Wrexham Council wanted sustainable flooring that would provide pleasing aesthetics, cater for heavy footfall, be easy to clean and deliver a healthy and safe interior environment for pupils.
In conjunction with the school, the council gave corridors a facelift using a backdrop of smoky grey Marmoleum Dual tiles with splashes of colour in random clusters.
Said to be durable and sustainable, the product reportedly has a host of independent Eco-labels. It contains 97% natural raw materials, 72% of which are rapidly renewable, and has a 43% recycled content. Its water-based finish, Topshield2, is designed to provide inherent protection and ensure it can withstand heavy footfall and be cleaned easily.
Marmoleum Dual tiles were installed by CFA member Brian J Watts Flooring. Director Nigel Watts commented:
‘Thanks to the flexibility of Forbo’s modular Marmoleum tiles, it was very easy to cut on site and fit around the school’s corridors. We completed the job whilst the pupils were on an annual school holiday.’
www.forbo-flooring.co.uk
Junckers’ Oak Boulevard flooring was installed at a leading central London art gallery by Pica Floorings, a member of the CFA.
Agnew’s Gallery in Albermarle Street specified Junckers’ wider oak plank in a Nordic finish for this refurb project to highlight the contemporary look and feel of the space.
Oak Boulevard is one of Junckers most prestigious floors and reported to be a firm favourite with architects. The sheer dimensions of the solid hardwood floor boards are said to be especially effective in the Nordic finish, which illuminates the natural characteristics of the timber to create a look for contemporary interiors.
Nordic Oak Boulevard boards measure 185mm wide and 20.5mm thick and can be laid both with Junckers Clip System and as a structural floor. It is designed for use with underfloor heating and is BREEAM A+ rated. www.junckers.co.uk
Mapei supplied a system of products as part of a refurbishment at the Royal Albert Hall. The project included repair and preparation of the existing substrate and installation of 300sq m of Victorian Encaustic tiles.
Stone installer Classic Formai refurbished flooring in main door 12 entrance, the box office and bar area – now named the Zvi and Ofra Meitar porch and foyer.
A high quality product specification, combined with a careful and respectful approach, ensured that surfaces within the iconic Grade I Listed interior were restored to their former glory.
Since it opened in March 1871, the Royal Albert Hall has been in continuous service, hosting concerts, exhibitions, meetings and ceremonies.
The floor renovation is part of a £2.2m refurbishment of the entrance, which now includes a redesigned box office, café bar, retail outlet and open seating area.
Before the tile installation, a fast drying screed containing Mapei Topcem hydraulic binder was laid as a bonded screed onto a slurry coat containing Mapei Planicrete.
Because the area will be subjected to high levels of foot traffic and the associated dynamic loading, additional security to alleviate stresses and protect against potential defects to the restored floor finish was incorporated into the design.
This was provided by Mapei’s anti-fracture membrane Mapetex fixed directly to the new screed with the high performance adhesive system Mapei Keraquick incorporating Latex Plus flexible additive.
Keraflex Maxi S1 adhesive with low dust properties was specified for bonding the encaustic tiles, with the system being completed by the application of Mapei Ultracolor Plus grout applied to the tile joints.

Ultracolor Plus performance grout is described as a fast setting/drying and flexible product incorporating water-repellent and anti-mould technologies. www.mapei.co.uk
Osmo Wood Filler is designed to remove abrasions on wooden floors.
Refurbishment projects remain a strong revenue potential for contractors working in the building industry today with rejuvenation of flooring a major area. Osmo Wood Filler is said to help achieve a floor’s ‘as-new’ appearance.
The product is described as a multi-purpose, easy to use, fast drying solution for use on interior floors to remove scratches and dents in the wood. It also acts as an edge filler, wood putty, crack filler and sanding sealer, eliminating the need for several different products.
As with all Osmo interior products, Wood Filler reportedly offers excellent quality, has an unlimited lifespan and is great value for money. It is also said to be safe and environmentally friendly – made from natural materials, non-acrylic, non-toxic and compliant with recent and 2010 VOC legislations.
Available in 14 colours and designed for use across a wide range of wood surfaces, it Wood Filler can even be mixed with any suitable tint or stain to achieve a custom colour, according to Osmo.
It is described as extremely durable, resistant to heat and freezing temperatures and will not shrink, sink, crack or fall out once applied. www.osmouk.com
Sika ComfortFloor Pro, a seamless, liquid applied flooring system, was used for the refurbishment of an acoustically designed live recording studio in an old Victorian building in Edinburgh. A continuous brilliant white flooring system was required throughout the ground floor.
Due to the nature of the building and its end-use, the solution had to be sleek, modern and ‘acoustically beneficial’, while providing a seamless floor which straddled varied substrates including concrete and timber.
To minimise vibrations and enhance acoustic performance, an innovative jacked-up concrete floor slab was used to isolate the studio from the rest of the building before the flooring materials were applied.
Pure white Sika Comfortfloor Pro, applied by specialist contractor Industrial Floor Treatments (IFT), met the demands of this niche project, allowing the designers a minimalist and no-fuss vision of the space.
The chosen material needed to have minimal VOCs, due to the many other trades involved in the installation.
The use of Sikafloor-Comfort Regupol, a polyurethane rebound foam shockpad, offered further noise suppression and absorbency before the application of the final coats.
The Sika systems are claimed to be extremely tough and durable with a life expectancy to match and potentially exceed more traditional sheet applied floor finishes. The products are designed to fulfil an almost endless combination of functional and aesthetic requirements and meet all industry requirements for mechanical and chemical resistance, impermeability and fire resistance.
Described as joint free and easy to maintain, the products are said to meet the high aesthetic requirements of commercial and public buildings and can be used in schools, offices, retail, leisure as well as meeting the strict hygiene standards of the healthcare industry. www.sika.co.uk
tremco illbruck reports that its ES600 high performance moisture vapour suppressant has attained two important environmental standards, BREEAM accreditation and EC1 compliance.
The product is offered within a range of solutions for the DPM market, designed to help clients, contractors and consultants to achieve their desired performance levels in different situations. ES600 also represents the introduction of advanced technology: being water-based, it boasts low VOC content.
Achieving EC1 compliance confirms it is an environmentally friendly solution for moisture readings up to 95% RH in cementitious subfloors, including power floated concrete and sand/cement screeds.
A single component moisture vapour suppressant, ES600 can reportedly be applied within one hour, allowing some floorcoverings to be installed the same day, offering cost savings and less disruption to the area.
BREEAM (BRE Environmental Assessment Method) assesses scientifically-based criteria covering a range of issues in categories that evaluate energy and water use, health and wellbeing, pollution, transport, materials, waste, ecology and management processes. BREEAM helps to drive greater sustainability and innovation in the built environment. ES600 is achieved BREEAM recognition.
Tremco offers technical literature and specification assistance to industry professionals. www.tremco-illbruck.com
Ultra Floor Prime IT N and Level IT super30 rapid drying smoothing compound was used in the refurbishment of stores for UK fashion retailer, Blue.
The London based chain has undergone rapid expansion over the past few years, with new stores opening nationwide including the latest in Ankerside Shopping Centre in Tamworth, Staffordshire.
West Midlands based flooring contractor, Charles Flooring, performed the subfloor preparation and vinyl flooring installation in a number of stores and has, to date, completed work in Burton on Trent, Leicester and West Bromwich outlets.
The work had to be carried out overnight to minimise disruption to trade, and to facilitate the shop fit outs in cases where new stores were being opened.
Ultra Floor’s Prime IT N was applied to the ceramic tile substrate before levelling with Level IT super30.
Prime IT N is described as a ready to use polymer primer for non-porous substrates which serves as a bonding aid between the flooring compound and the substrate. Such preparation is especially important today when types of substrate are much more varied and the strength of smoothing compounds is stronger, thus requiring greater adhesion.
Level IT Super30 is the original ‘level and lay’ in a day product and uses specially blended cements and a high quality polymer liquid to set in 30 minutes and allow impervious floorcoverings to be laid after just three hours.
Ultra Floor is a brand of the Instarmac Group plc.
Uzin L3 Gold smoothing compound is reportedly suitable for use in refurbishment projects as it can be applied over old adhesives residues such as bitumen, if hard, sound and well bonded to the substrate. It can be used without a primer in most cases and has a high compressive strength of 25 N.
It is also said to be extremely quick setting allowing floorcoverings to be installed after only two hours. It is can reportedly also be used under a DPM, is easy to sand down and flows exceptionally well.
Due to increasing regulation on duty of care and allergies to latex, Uzin developed L3 Gold to be free from ammonia and latex for use in sensitive environments such as hospitals. www.uzin.co.uk

This article has been reproduced from the Contract Flooring Journal website. You can find them at www.contractflooringjournal.co.uk.