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Commercial Flooring News

Brintons Carpet Terms

Carpet manufacturing involves many processes and therefore the jargon used can sometimes be a little overwhelming. Below you will find a list of the carpet terms we use both on this site and in our brochure, with clear explanations of what they all mean.


The 80% wool/20% nylon mix developed by Brintons in the 1950s; the softness of wool combined with the strength of nylon creates the perfect carpet yarn.


Brintons is the world’s leading manufacturer of axminsters. Axminster is a weaving process that offers great pattern definition and therefore most axminster carpets are patterned.


Traditionally berbers were made from natural-coloured wools, but what we refer to these days as a berber is a heather with a ‘homespun’ appearance.


Plain carpet is prone to show random shading effects beyond those you’d normally expect from foot traffic. Brintons developed the Brinset process, which is used during manufacture to eliminate the risk of these effects. Brinset guarantees against permanent random shading effects in domestic installations on all Brintons cut pile products for up to 2 years following the installation of the carpet.


Carpet yarn made from more than one fibre colour, giving a flecked, multicoloured effect.


The pile is the bit you stand on. ‘Total pile weight’ refers to the amount of yarn used to make the carpet. Deep pile carpets feel more luxurious, while more rows of yarn are harder-wearing.


A type of carpet that uses yarn with a higher twist than usual, to create a textured surface.


Staighter than twisted yarn, with the cut ends at the top, giving a soft, velvety surface.


The oldest method of weaving, offering limited colour choice but a variety of textures. Ideal for producing textured plains.


A traditional process where the pile and backing yarns are woven together, offering unrivalled strength and stability. You can spot a woven carpet by the warp and weft threads on the reverse. Both axminster and wilton carpets are woven.