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Types Of Hardwood Flooring

Wood Floor INSTALLATION | Types of Hardwood Flooring | Wood floor Fitting Recommendations | Installation Methods

If you’re remodelling a home, chances are you want wood flooring in at least one of your rooms. Wood flooring has a timeless look, and it gives a house a warm feel. But there’s almost too much information out there about wood flooring, making it hard to know what’s what.

Here are the basics of wood flooring. If you want wood floors, you’ve got 3 main choices: 1.) Solid hardwood planks, 2.) Engineered wood floor boards, and 3.)Parquet flooring .

1. Solid Hardwood Flooring

As the name implies, this type of wood flooring is solid wood all the way through, from top to bottom. It’s similar to any other stick of lumber that sawn straight off of the log on additional materials added.

Hardwood flooring comes either unfinished or pre-finished. Unfinished hardwood requires immediate light sanding, staining (optional), and sealing after installation. With pre-finished, you can walk on it right after installation. With unfinished, you need to limit usage until it has been sealed. After sealing, you will need to wait at least 48 hours for the sealant to dry. Even then, additional coats may be required. With unfinished, the advantage is you can stain it and seal it to your exact specification. With pre-finished, the advantage is the quick turnaround time.

Because hardwood is especially prone to scratches and dents, you will want to pay special attention to the Janka hardness rating scale and buy a species (i.e., oak, ash, etc.) of wood appropriate to your lifestyle and your budget.

Hardwood flooring’s greatest advantage is that it can be re-sanded numerous times, extending its life literally for decades. Its greatest weakness: it cannot be installed in moist areas such as basements or bathrooms.

2. Engineered Wood Flooring

Engineered wood flooring is an exciting alternative to solid hardwood flooring. Engineered flooring basically is a sandwich of solid wood and plywood. The top wood layer is what you see and walk on. But it’s the plywood that distinguishes engineered wood flooring from solid hardwood. Each ply runs perpendicular to its adjacent ply, giving dimensional strength to the sandwich. This means that engineered wood flooring stands up well to areas with light moisture – basements and bathrooms.

As the solid wood it could be supplied unfinished (to be finished on site) or pre-finished (ready for use immediately after installation.
Another great thing about engineered wood is the range of installation options. It can be nailed down or glued down to the subfloor. Installation as a floated floor gives you an extra fitting option when you go for engineered flooring. There are some engineered hardwood floor boards manufactured with click system, which makes them very easy for laying.

Engineered wood flooring gets more and more popular nowadays, it is more stable, more reliable and it is suitable for any kind of under floor heating. In the same time it keeps the natural beauty of the wood, and it still can be sanded a several times (depending of the thickness of the wear layer).

3. Parquet Flooring

A parquet floor is a wooden floor made from many pieces of wood fitted together like a mosaic or puzzle, and it can be as large as a ballroom or as small as a bathroom. Frequently, parquet is made from different types of wood with varying grains, to create a unique and eye catching pattern.

Classic parquet patterns include herringbone, basket weave, chevron, and brick style flooring. Particularly ornate parquet uses an assortment of geometric shapes to create a large and beautiful pattern which might include floral themes, sunbursts, or abstract art.
The parquet is made from solid pieces of wood cut in a tongue and groove pattern so that they can be fitted together. Because the floor is solid all the way through, it can be sanded down and resurfaced as it degrades with age, and some floors will permit several refinishing’s before they need to be replaced.

Laying of parquet flooring is extremely labour consuming. The parquet blocks need to be glued down to the subfloor piece by piece following the desired pattern. Ones laid down the whole floor needs to be lightly sanded, gap filled (even with the new floors), sanded again and finally a coat (or several coats) of desired finish to be applied on it (parquet blocks never comes pre-finished).